Blood clot; what is it? Find out the symptoms, how to treat and whether it’s worth playing sports if you have a condition like a thrombosis. Thrombosis is an inflammatory disease that affects the blood vessels in the veins. The leading cause of the development of the disease is a blood clot that forms in the veins. The initial stage of the disease, where inflammatory processes have not yet been activated or are insignificant, is called thrombocytopenia.
The disease can affect not only superficial blood vessels but also deep ones. However, this disease is most often found in superficial blood vessels. Any damage to the veins can start the development of the disease. Since blood vessels do not have their muscles, the blood clots that form in them continue to develop, resulting in reduced blood flow to a specific limb area.
If thrombosis develops in deep veins, with sudden changes in blood pressure, they can break and block small vessels. Thus, thrombosis is a severe disease that can cause death in certain situations. Everyone knows that under the influence of physical exertion, blood pressure increases. In this regard, a fair question arises, is sport possible with thrombosis?
The main reasons for the development of thrombosis
The main reason for the development of superficial thrombosis is trauma to the vessel’s walls. It can happen if the catheter is not inserted correctly or the injection needle is inserted during the injection. The disease is profoundly located in blood vessels and is directly related to varicose veins.
Let’s note the main reasons for the development of thrombosis:
- Sedentary lifestyle – in the absence of physical activity for a long time, the blood clot increases in size and, as a result, can cause severe disturbances in blood flow.
- Damage to the walls of blood vessels.
- Genetic or acquired abnormalities in the blood coagulation system.
Among the risk factors for the development of this disease, we note:
- Forced long-term limitation of mobility.
- Smoking and alcohol abuse.
- Various conditions of cancer and blood diseases.
- Injury to a limb.
According to the available statistics, in 2004, when women underwent hormone therapy during menopause, it significantly reduced the risk of developing a blood clot.
Thrombosis of superficial blood vessels develops slowly. The main symptoms are reddening of the skin at the site of damage to the ship’s walls and the appearance of seals. As the disease progresses, the rash spreads further and affects new areas. Often the inflammatory process resembles spider webs, and more and smaller blood vessels are damaged.
Even if there is a severe development of the disease, its symptoms can be mild. At the site of inflammation, the skin becomes hard and red. Most often, the disease affects the lower limbs, and its symptoms are marked hyperemia and venous patterns on the skin at the site of the injury.
After the appearance of edema on the skin, the patient begins to feel constant itching, and the pain becomes pulsating and burning. If you change the position of your legs quickly, the condition worsens. It is possible, for example, in the morning when you get out of bed. The patient gradually develops a fever, and the body temperature is between 37.5 and 38 degrees.
The symptoms of deep thrombosis are very similar to superficial ones:
- The local increase in body temperature.
- The appearance of skin redness and sometimes blue discoloration.
- As the disease progresses, pain appears.
Compared to superficial thrombosis, edema with deep is more prominent and immediately striking.
How is thrombosis treated?
When you diagnose these diseases, first of all, the question is not whether the sport is possible with thrombosis but how to cure it. Note that treatment for superficial and deep thrombosis is different. If diagnosed with the disease at the initial stage of development, the patient most often carry out the treatment on his own, but before contacting a specialist.
In the acute form of the disease, drug therapy is carried out, including anti-inflammatory drugs and ointments. They can relieve inflammation, improve blood flow and increase vascular tone.
We also recommend performing the following procedures:
- Use a warm compress.
- Medications such as ibuprofen or aspirin will help suppress inflammation, relieve pain, and speed blood clotting.
- You can use non-steroidal ointments and gels.
- In clinical studies, the high efficiency of using special bandages and socks has been demonstrated.
It should note that when the tone of the blood vessels is low, the use of compression garments and elastic bandages helps to squeeze the blood vessels and thus prevents the blood clot from separating from their walls. The length of the socks depends on the height of the lesion. The use of compression garments can limit the spread of edema and reduce the risk of deep thrombosis. Most of the time, the thrombosis resolves in a few days and tough weeks. After that, all the symptoms of the disease disappear.
It only makes sense to use antibiotics if the blood vessels are infected. Otherwise, the use of drugs in this group is not only unjustified but can have adverse effects. All of the above apply to the treatment of surface magnet thrombosis. If deep vein disease is diagnosed, the treatment should be different. First, this concerns the mandatory use of drugs in the anticoagulant group and the need to keep the legs elevated. In this case, preventing the development of pulmonary embolism is essential, and this requires hospitalization during treatment.
In some cases, anticoagulants should also be used in addition to anticoagulants. They allow you to speed up the process of reabsorption of blood clots. Anticoagulants speed up the healing process and significantly reduce the risk of blood clots. Surgery is required if all measures taken to treat the disease do not yield positive results.
We will also tell you about the most effective methods for people to cope with the disease:
- Consume a third of a glass of nettle waste three times a day.
- The leaves of the golden mustache are used locally.
- Hazel leaf tea is beneficial for thrombosis.
- I should use honey to make a compress.
- A cabbage leaf, previously smeared with vegetable oil, is used similarly. Must first break the cabbage leaf to increase the efficiency of such compression.
All these treatments can only be effective in combination with medication.
Prevention of thrombophlebitis
We can avoid developing many diseases if special preventive measures are taken. Thrombosis is no exception to this rule. First, you must lead an active lifestyle.
In addition, we recommend that you do the following:
- Avoid sitting or lying down for long periods.
- You cannot stay in a horizontal position for a long time. Wear compression clothing if you are forced to limit your activity due to injury or illness.
- On long flights or trips, stand up and walk around the cabin.
- Drink plenty of fluids. To avoid dehydration.
Sports with thrombosis: can it be done
If you want to know if it is possible to play sports with thrombosis, then find out about the contraindications:
- Active running and jumping – A cardio activity that involves bouncing or vigorous running should not be performed.
- Avoid excessive stress on the leg muscles – all sports where you must do exercises in a standing position are prohibited. Exercising on the treadmill or elliptical should be limited.
- Strength training – when diagnosing thrombosis from the training program, it is necessary to exclude squats, deadlifts, and lunges.
Many women prefer jogging when they choose a sport. It is because many specialized resources often talk about the benefits of aerobic exercise for weight loss. On the other hand, many representatives of the beautiful half of humanity want to eliminate excess weight. As we have already said, varicose veins can become one of the reasons for developing thrombosis. In this regard, the question of whether it is possible to play sports with thrombophlebitis is somewhat modified.
It is generally accepted that varicose veins are found mainly in older women. However, according to statistics, in recent years, this disease has “younger” significantly. Scientists have proven that age does not matter here. On Earth, about 60 percent of women suffer from this disease, which can cause the development of thrombosis.
Blood circulates throughout the body, and it is tough for it to return to the heart muscle from the lower extremities. If you are active, frequent leg muscle contractions can help improve blood flow. One of the main reasons for the development of varicose veins is an inactive lifestyle.
As in the case of thrombosis, it is running with varicose veins is prohibited. High stress can cause the formation of a blood clot and its subsequent separation from the walls of blood vessels. To answer the question, is sport possible with thrombosis? If we are talking about jogging, then definitely not. Other with varicose veins, light running pressure is allowed to stimulate the outflow of blood from the lower extremities.
However, there are some rules you should follow when doing this. First, remember that with varicose veins, jogging should not be extended. We also recommend wearing compression garments in class. But swimming with varicose veins can only be beneficial. Since water has a much higher density, blood cannot stagnate in the blood vessels, even when lying on the water’s surface. That’s all I wanted to say when I answered the question, is it possible to do sports with thrombosis.