Acid peeling, what is it? What are the benefits of acid peeling? How to perform the procedure correctly? Discover the benefits of acid exfoliation to maintain the beauty and youthfulness of your skin. Peeling is a cosmetic procedure in which the upper layers of the epidermis are separated and rolled away. The skin gets rid of old keratins and dead cells. As a result, the epidermis becomes ideally smooth, and its natural color returns.
Is acid peel good for skin?
With the help of various acids, you can quickly cleanse the skin of the face from the manifestations of age spots, simulate wrinkles, and eliminate signs of aging.
Taking into account the aggressiveness of acids, the effect on the skin of the peeling procedure is also determined:
- Superficial exfoliation using weak acids – lactic acid, glycolic acid, fruit, salicylic acid. These substances mildly affect the epidermis, and only dead upper cells are removed. This method has a whitening effect, but harmful substances are removed from the surface of the epidermis, and the metabolic process in the upper layers of the skin improves.
- Medium exfoliation has a rejuvenating effect. After this procedure, the skin will be even and perfectly smooth. More vital acids are used for this peeling – for example, retinoic acid.
- Deep peeling helps quickly eliminate small simulated wrinkles and ugly scars after acne. This cosmetic surgery is only performed in specialized medical facilities as it is classified as surgery. During the procedure, an aggressive substance such as phenolic acid is used.
Features of the acid peeling process
Such cosmetics as acid peeling have a strong rejuvenating effect on the skin of the face. At the same time, its general condition is significantly improved.
Acid peeling is recommended in the following cases:
- To take care of skin aging, with the appearance of signs of aging;
- With hyperpigmentation;
- To remove acne from skin surfaces;
- With enlarged pores;
- To eliminate the consequences of acne;
- With ingrown hair syndrome.
Acid peeling is recommended for young girls to maintain a radiant and even complexion, tighten pores and eliminate acne and other breakouts.
Thanks to the regular use of this cosmetic procedure by women in adulthood, wrinkles are significantly reduced, the elasticity of the epidermis increases, and the natural healthy color of the skin returns.
Contraindications to acid peeling
Any peeling method for the skin is entirely stressful. Therefore, there are specific contraindications:
- The presence of herpes in the acute stage;
- If you are allergic to acids that will be used during the procedure;
- With injured and inflamed skin;
- With elevated body temperature;
- While carrying the baby and breastfeeding;
- Owners of susceptible skin.
Types of acid peeling
Depending on which acids will be used in this cosmetic procedure, there are several types of exfoliation.
Fruit acid peeling
This type of exfoliation is one of the most sensitive and gentle. Thanks to the action of natural fruit acids, the skin is effectively cleansed, cells saturated with valuable micronutrients, and a strengthening and whitening effect.
After the paint has been carried out with fruit acid peeling, there is no need for further restoration, while can carry it out at any time of the year.
This peeling is recommended to remove fine wrinkles, treat acne, and smooth and whiten facial skin. Only natural acids will be used during the exfoliation – citric acid, tartaric acid, and malic acid.
Exfoliation with mandelic acid peeling
This exfoliation is ideal for any skin type – from fair to dark. This procedure can be performed at any time, regardless of solar activity.
Peeling with mandelic acid is recommended for treating acne and comedones to care for sensitive and thin skin. Mandelic acid is obtained only from natural bitter almond extract, which has a mild, hypoallergenic effect. This method helps suppress Staphylococcus aureus and has almost no contraindications.
Exfoliation with salicylic acid peeling
The peeling method using salicylic acid is the most effective and can be used at any age. Suitable for both women and men.
Peeling with salicylic acid can quickly remove expression lines and pigmentation. This treatment is ideal for rough, porous, acne-prone, and oily skin. The skin condition on the heels, knees, and elbows is significantly improved.
Salicylic acid has an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect, prevents the formation of comedones, and significantly reduces the activity of sebaceous glands.
Exfoliation with lactic acid peeling
This type of exfoliation is recommended for treating aging, dry and aging skin. The whole course includes about 4-5 methods, depending on the severity of the problem, which should carry out several times a year.
Lactic acid has a mild effect and does not cause allergies, swelling, or redness. After this peeling, the skin is smooth; even in color, elasticity and firmness are restored.
This peeling is recommended for up to 30 years until deep wrinkles appear. At older ages, peeling with lactic acid will be used as an additional preparatory stage for more painful procedures.
Retinoic acid peeling
Exfoliation with retinoic acid is recommended for mature skin care products. This type is considered average because, during its implementation, it will involve the deeper layers of the skin.
This method is very effective and is recommended for women over 35 years of age. After it ends, it will take a few days to recover. If peeling with retinoic acid is carried out independently at home, you must first consult with an experienced cosmetologist.
The result will be noticeable immediately after the first peeling procedure but will achieve the result in 3-4 months.
Glycolic acid peeling
This type of cosmetic procedure is ideal for any skin type. Can perform glycolic acid cleansing at any age.
Cosmetologists advise using glycolic acid to remove expression lines, folds, unevenness, acne, and pimples and return the skin to its normal healthy tone.
The effectiveness of this cosmetic procedure is very high – the skin becomes smooth, firm, and supple, and youth returns. During the process, no unpleasant, painful sensations or discomfort appear.
Must take all precautions if this acid peel is to be performed at home. It is advisable that peeling with glycolic acid is only achieved by an experienced esthetician.
After the first acid peeling procedure using glycolic acid, positive changes become noticeable – the skin acquires an ideal appearance.
How to make an acid peeling at home?
Today, you can buy ready-made peels that you can use yourself at home. The most popular are peelings from well-known cosmetic brands, which may contain various acids – mandelic, lactic, and salicylic.
These peels, explicitly intended for home use, have a mild effect on the skin, unlike professional products used in beauty salons.
You can buy an exfoliating mask or cream at a beauty supply store or opt for an acid peel. Depending on the manufacturer of the product, its cost will also fluctuate.
Homemade fruit acid peeling
You can flood acid fruit yourself, as this type has almost no contraindications; the skin is sensitive and mild.
To perform the procedure at home, you need to take any fruit, for example, lemon, or use a mixture of several acids. For example, apples, raspberries, strawberries, and fruits that are available are taken. The ingredients are ground with a blender until a slurry is obtained, which is applied to previously cleansed skin.
After 10-15 minutes, wash with warm water and apply all softening cream to the skin. This type of at-home exfoliation is recommended once a week.
Thanks to the regular use of the fruit acid peel, the skin becomes smooth, and ideally, even pores are narrowed. Blackheads are dissolved, as some acids have a whitening and cleansing effect.
Acid peeling for feet
With this cosmetic procedure, you can get rid of a variety of skin problems, which include:
- Ingrown nails;
- Rough skin;
To get rid of the above problems, it is recommended to take acid peels.
Today, you can use peeling from various cosmetic companies, which improves blood circulation, quickly relieves leg fatigue, and the skin becomes velvety, soft, and smooth.
For the pedicure, the acid peeling method is often used by professional masters in beauty salons and at home. Even on your own, you can easily peel off, while it will be possible not to harm the delicate skin of the feet with complex files to remove the skin layer. Fruit acids cope with this task quickly and easily.
Because it is affordable, everyone can afford this cosmetic procedure. Using unique exfoliating products helps keep the feet healthy and leaves the skin soft and well-groomed.
At first, it is best to entrust this procedure to artisans. After gaining experience and a little practice, perform it yourself at home. The result will vary depending on the acid used for peeling.